HARLAND & WOLFF SHIPBUILDERS
Northern Ireland, The British Isles
Having previously visited Harlands in the role of
Overseer on behalf of my client ITM during the fabrication of the ITM Flexiport in 1984, I
returned to prepare structural fabrication drawings using Kockums
STEARBEAR/TRIBON shipbuilding CadCam system.
Projects included the F.P.S.O.
newbuilding SCHIEHALLION for BP and the oil tanker conversion of the
GLAS DOWR into an F.P.S.O. for Bluewater b.v., a project I had previously been
working on at NEVESBU in Den Hagg, The Netherlands.
Harland & Wolff builders
of many famous ships including the TITANIC & the IMO
(Ref: Halifax Shipyard - Worlds Largest
Explosion before the Atom Bomb)
on Dyvi Heavy Lift Vessel
Bangor Loch, Belfast
April 14~ 1912
Built during 1910-12 with her sister ship. the
at Harland and Wolffs shipbuilding works in Belfast. Ireland, for the British
White Star Line. the S.S. Titanic was a super luxury liner 882.5 feet long. 92.5
feet broad, and displacing 45,000 tons. The Titanic possessed a
crews of 700 and was capable of providing Luxurious Accommodation
for more than 1,500 passengers.
Her tragic deficiency in lifeboats led to the loss of
1.517 passengers and crew members (out of 2,207) when she sank on the fifth day of
her maiden voyage, after striking an iceberg off the Grand Banks of Newfoundland en route
from Queenstown to New York. Many of the victims are buried in a cemetery in
Halifax, Nova Scotia. (Ref: Halifax Shipyard - City Flattened by Explosion)
IRISH POTATO FAMINE
Background: For four years. beginning in 1845, the potato crop in Ireland was
destroyed by blight (as it was throughout Europe). Since potatoes were the staple food of
the Irish people, famine set in along with typhoid, typhus and scurvy. killing 1.029,552
and causing 1,180,409 to emigrate. mostly to America, thus reducing the population of
Ireland by one-fourth. Other sources of food corn, wheat, and cattle were plentiful,
but most of it, under unjust British commerce and navigation laws, was shipped to England.
whose leaders were held responsible by most historians for the staggering deaths. The loss
of the potato crop for four years was placed at 16 million pounds. about $500 million by
From 1800 and all through the Napoleonic
era, Ireland prospered in a wartime economy, but when Wellingtons forces, more than
a third of which were Irish. were disbanded in 1815, tens of thousands glutted the labour
Coupled to this economic strain were the
strict British Corn Laws that imposed impossible tariffs on small landowners in Ireland.
All of the countrys rich produce, corn, wheat, oats and rye. and herds of cattle
were transported to England, leaving the burgeoning Irish peasantry with one crop and food
staple, the potato.
While the population exploded----there
were more than five million people in 1800, exceeding the population of the United
Statesthe country was systematically raped of its harvests, and conditions worsened
until it became a nation in tattered rags.
In 1817 the Irish novelist William
Carleton prophetically described his country as one vast lazarhouse, filled with famine,
disease and death."
High-minded, lofty-toned Englishmen toured
the stricken country and wrung their hands over the brutal poverty and the semi-starvation
prior to 1845.
They came as sightseers, wincing their
ways through charnal houses they were bloated with empathy and appeared to be wreaking
humane thoughts as they stared from polished carriages and peered through the new glass
panes of elegant inns at the wretched, the starving and the dying before them.
The English poet Shelley stated, "The
poor of Dublin are assuredly the meanest and most miserable of all, . thousands are
huddled togetherone mass of animated filth. The rich grind the poor into abjectness,
then complain that they are abject. They goad them to famine, and hang them if they steal
The English poet Keats also wrote,
"The rags, the dirt and the misery of the poor common Irish. A Scotch cottage is a
palace to the Irish one."
The English essayist Carlyle: "Never
saw such begging in the world. . . Often get in a rage at it. . . beggars storming round
you, like ravenous dogs round carrion
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